Introducing The Diamond CBD Referral Program Give $25 and that contain a broad range of cannabinoids and natural hemp derivatives. Diamond CBD coffee pods are just one more example of Diamond CBD's emphasis on the development of premium hemp CBD products. and more. Hemp derived, all-natural CBD with no THC and independent 3rd party lab reports. Introducing our brand new Diamond CBD Popcorn. We dare .
Hemp Introducing Diamond
Apr 16, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Apr 12, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Apr 10, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Apr 09, PotNetwork Holding, Inc.
Apr 05, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Apr 03, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Mar 28, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Mar 27, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Mar 21, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Mar 20, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Mar 07, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Mar 01, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Feb 27, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Feb 13, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Jan 16, PotNetwork Holding Inc.
Provides Update as Audit Process Finalizes. Prepares to Conclude Record Breaking Year. Dec 12, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Summit Business Hour on Tuesday, November 21, Nov 18, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Nov 10, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Richard Goulding Updates Shareholders. Oct 24, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Oct 17, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Oct 10, PotNetwork Holding, Inc.
Sep 19, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Aug 28, Mayweather vs. Aug 23, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Strengthens Board of Advisors with the Appointment of Dr. Aug 17, PotNetwork Holdings, Inc. Aug 16, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Jul 25, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Jul 20, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. May 09, PotNetwork Holding Inc. May 02, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Apr 25, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Apr 05, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Apr 04, PotNetwork Holding Inc.
Updates Shareholders on Scottrade Trading Status. Mar 30, PotNetwork Holding Inc. Mar 21, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Mar 13, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Moves to Cannabis Friendly Colorado. Feb 28, PotNetwork Holding, Inc. Jan 31, PotNetwork Holdings Inc. Aug 03, PotNetwork Holdings Inc. Secures 2 Million Dollar Line of Credit. Aug 01, PotNetwork Holdings Inc. May 05, PotNetwork Holdings Inc. Apr 28, PotNetwork Holdings Inc. Mar 21, PotNetwork Holdings Inc. Jan 12, PotNetwork Holdings Inc. Carbon in this modification is linear with sp orbital hybridization , and is a polymer with alternating single and triple bonds.
In , a team at the North Carolina State University announced the development of another allotrope they have dubbed Q-carbon , created by a high energy low duration laser pulse on amorphous carbon dust. Q-carbon is reported to exhibit ferromagetism, fluorescence , and a hardness superior to diamonds. Carbon is the fourth most abundant chemical element in the observable universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. Carbon is abundant in the Sun , stars , comets , and in the atmospheres of most planets.
PAHs seem to have been formed "a couple of billion years" after the Big Bang , are widespread throughout the universe, and are associated with new stars and exoplanets. It has been estimated that the solid earth as a whole contains ppm of carbon, with ppm in the core and ppm in the combined mantle and crust. This is much more than the amount of carbon in the oceans or atmosphere below.
Hydrocarbons such as coal , petroleum , and natural gas contain carbon as well. Carbon is also found in methane hydrates in polar regions and under the seas. Various estimates put this carbon between , Gt ,  or 3, Gt. In the past, quantities of hydrocarbons were greater. According to one source, in the period from to about gigatonnes of carbon were released as carbon dioxide to the atmosphere from burning of fossil fuels.
Natural diamonds occur in the rock kimberlite , found in ancient volcanic "necks", or "pipes". Diamonds are now also being recovered from the ocean floor off the Cape of Good Hope. Carbon-rich asteroids are relatively preponderant in the outer parts of the asteroid belt in our solar system.
These asteroids have not yet been directly sampled by scientists. The asteroids can be used in hypothetical space-based carbon mining , which may be possible in the future, but is currently technologically impossible. Isotopes of carbon are atomic nuclei that contain six protons plus a number of neutrons varying from 2 to Carbon has two stable, naturally occurring isotopes.
Carbon 14 C is a naturally occurring radioisotope , created in the upper atmosphere lower stratosphere and upper troposphere by interaction of nitrogen with cosmic rays.
The amount of 14 C in the atmosphere and in living organisms is almost constant, but decreases predictably in their bodies after death. There are 15 known isotopes of carbon and the shortest-lived of these is 8 C which decays through proton emission and alpha decay and has a half-life of 1.
Formation of the carbon atomic nucleus occurs within a giant or supergiant star through the triple-alpha process. This requires a nearly simultaneous collision of three alpha particles helium nuclei , as the products of further nuclear fusion reactions of helium with hydrogen or another helium nucleus produce lithium-5 and beryllium-8 respectively, both of which are highly unstable and decay almost instantly back into smaller nuclei.
According to current physical cosmology theory, carbon is formed in the interiors of stars on the horizontal branch. This dust becomes component material for the formation of the next-generation star systems with accreted planets.
The CNO cycle is an additional hydrogen fusion mechanism that powers stars, wherein carbon operates as a catalyst.
Rotational transitions of various isotopic forms of carbon monoxide for example, 12 CO, 13 CO, and 18 CO are detectable in the submillimeter wavelength range, and are used in the study of newly forming stars in molecular clouds. Under terrestrial conditions, conversion of one element to another is very rare. Therefore, the amount of carbon on Earth is effectively constant.
Thus, processes that use carbon must obtain it from somewhere and dispose of it somewhere else. The paths of carbon in the environment form the carbon cycle. For example, photosynthetic plants draw carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or seawater and build it into biomass, as in the Calvin cycle , a process of carbon fixation. Some of this biomass is eaten by animals, while some carbon is exhaled by animals as carbon dioxide. The carbon cycle is considerably more complicated than this short loop; for example, some carbon dioxide is dissolved in the oceans; if bacteria do not consume it, dead plant or animal matter may become petroleum or coal , which releases carbon when burned.
Carbon can form very long chains of interconnecting carbon—carbon bonds , a property that is called catenation. Carbon-carbon bonds are strong and stable. Through catenation, carbon forms a countless number of compounds.
A tally of unique compounds shows that more contain carbon than do not. The simplest form of an organic molecule is the hydrocarbon —a large family of organic molecules that are composed of hydrogen atoms bonded to a chain of carbon atoms.
A hydrocarbon backbone can be substituted by other atoms, known as heteroatoms. Common heteroatoms that appear in organic compounds include oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and the nonradioactive halogens, as well as the metals lithium and magnesium. Organic compounds containing bonds to metal are known as organometallic compounds see below. Certain groupings of atoms, often including heteroatoms, recur in large numbers of organic compounds.
These collections, known as functional groups , confer common reactivity patterns and allow for the systematic study and categorization of organic compounds. Chain length, shape and functional groups all affect the properties of organic molecules.
In most stable compounds of carbon and nearly all stable organic compounds , carbon obeys the octet rule and is tetravalent , meaning that a carbon atom forms a total of four covalent bonds which may include double and triple bonds.
Exceptions include a small number of stabilized carbocations three bonds, positive charge , radicals three bonds, neutral , carbanions three bonds, negative charge and carbenes two bonds, neutral , although these species are much more likely to be encountered as unstable, reactive intermediates. Carbon occurs in all known organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. When united with hydrogen , it forms various hydrocarbons that are important to industry as refrigerants , lubricants , solvents , as chemical feedstock for the manufacture of plastics and petrochemicals , and as fossil fuels.
When combined with oxygen and hydrogen, carbon can form many groups of important biological compounds including sugars , lignans , chitins , alcohols , fats , and aromatic esters , carotenoids and terpenes.
With nitrogen it forms alkaloids , and with the addition of sulfur also it forms antibiotics , amino acids , and rubber products. With the addition of phosphorus to these other elements, it forms DNA and RNA , the chemical-code carriers of life, and adenosine triphosphate ATP , the most important energy-transfer molecule in all living cells. Commonly carbon-containing compounds which are associated with minerals or which do not contain bonds to the other carbon atoms, halogens, or hydrogen, are treated separately from classical organic compounds ; the definition is not rigid, and the classification of some compounds can vary from author to author see reference articles above.
Among these are the simple oxides of carbon. The most prominent oxide is carbon dioxide CO 2. This was once the principal constituent of the paleoatmosphere , but is a minor component of the Earth's atmosphere today.
Some important minerals are carbonates, notably calcite. Carbon disulfide CS 2 is similar. The other common oxide is carbon monoxide CO. It is formed by incomplete combustion, and is a colorless, odorless gas.
The molecules each contain a triple bond and are fairly polar , resulting in a tendency to bind permanently to hemoglobin molecules, displacing oxygen, which has a lower binding affinity. For example, it can form the nitride cyanogen molecule CN 2 , similar to diatomic halides. Other uncommon oxides are carbon suboxide C 3 O 2 ,  the unstable dicarbon monoxide C 2 O ,   carbon trioxide CO 3 ,   cyclopentanepentone C 5 O 5 ,  cyclohexanehexone C 6 O 6 ,  and mellitic anhydride C 12 O 9.
However, mellitic anhydride is the triple acyl anhydride of mellitic acid; moreover, it contains a benzene ring. Thus, many chemists consider it to be organic. These anions are also associated with methane and acetylene , both very weak acids. With an electronegativity of 2. A few carbides are covalent lattices, like carborundum SiC , which resembles diamond. Nevertheless, even the most polar and salt-like of carbides are not completely ionic compounds.
Organometallic compounds by definition contain at least one carbon-metal covalent bond. Many metal carbonyls and metal cyanides exist for example, tetracarbonylnickel and potassium ferricyanide ; some workers consider metal carbonyl and cyanide complexes without other carbon ligands to be purely inorganic, and not organometallic.
However, most organometallic chemists consider metal complexes with any carbon ligand, even 'inorganic carbon' e. Metal complexes containing organic ligands without a carbon-metal covalent bond e. While carbon is understood to strongly prefer formation of four covalent bonds, other exotic bonding schemes are also known. An interesting compound containing an octahedral hexacoordinated carbon atom has been reported.
This phenomenon has been attributed to the aurophilicity of the gold ligands, which provide additional stabilization of an otherwise labile species. It is important to note that in the cases above, each of the bonds to carbon contain less than two formal electron pairs, making them hypercoordinate, but not hypervalent.
Even in cases of alleged C-5 species that is, a carbon with five ligands and a formal electron count of ten , as reported by Akiba and co-workers,  electronic structure calculations conclude that the total number of electrons around carbon is still less than eight, as in the case of other compounds described by three-center bonding.
The English name carbon comes from the Latin carbo for coal and charcoal,  whence also comes the French charbon , meaning charcoal. In German , Dutch and Danish , the names for carbon are Kohlenstoff , koolstof and kulstof respectively, all literally meaning coal -substance. Carbon was discovered in prehistory and was known in the forms of soot and charcoal to the earliest human civilizations.
In ,  Carl Wilhelm Scheele showed that graphite, which had been thought of as a form of lead , was instead identical with charcoal but with a small admixture of iron, and that it gave "aerial acid" his name for carbon dioxide when oxidized with nitric acid. Vandermonde confirmed that graphite was mostly carbon by oxidizing it in oxygen in much the same way Lavoisier had done with diamond.
In their publication they proposed the name carbone Latin carbonum for the element in graphite which was given off as a gas upon burning graphite. Antoine Lavoisier then listed carbon as an element in his textbook. A new allotrope of carbon, fullerene , that was discovered in  includes nanostructured forms such as buckyballs and nanotubes.
Commercially viable natural deposits of graphite occur in many parts of the world, but the most important sources economically are in China , India , Brazil and North Korea. Graphite deposits are of metamorphic origin, found in association with quartz , mica and feldspars in schists, gneisses and metamorphosed sandstones and limestone as lenses or veins , sometimes of a metre or more in thickness.
Deposits of graphite in Borrowdale , Cumberland , England were at first of sufficient size and purity that, until the 19th century, pencils were made simply by sawing blocks of natural graphite into strips before encasing the strips in wood. Today, smaller deposits of graphite are obtained by crushing the parent rock and floating the lighter graphite out on water.
There are three types of natural graphite—amorphous, flake or crystalline flake, and vein or lump. Amorphous graphite is the lowest quality and most abundant. Contrary to science, in industry "amorphous" refers to very small crystal size rather than complete lack of crystal structure. Amorphous is used for lower value graphite products and is the lowest priced graphite.
Flake graphite is less common and of higher quality than amorphous; it occurs as separate plates that crystallized in metamorphic rock. Flake graphite can be four times the price of amorphous. Good quality flakes can be processed into expandable graphite for many uses, such as flame retardants. Vein or lump graphite is the rarest, most valuable, and highest quality type of natural graphite. It occurs in veins along intrusive contacts in solid lumps, and it is only commercially mined in Sri Lanka.
According to the USGS , world production of natural graphite was 1. The diamond supply chain is controlled by a limited number of powerful businesses, and is also highly concentrated in a small number of locations around the world see figure. Only a very small fraction of the diamond ore consists of actual diamonds. The ore is crushed, during which care has to be taken in order to prevent larger diamonds from being destroyed in this process and subsequently the particles are sorted by density.
Today, diamonds are located in the diamond-rich density fraction with the help of X-ray fluorescence , after which the final sorting steps are done by hand. Before the use of X-rays became commonplace, the separation was done with grease belts; diamonds have a stronger tendency to stick to grease than the other minerals in the ore. Historically diamonds were known to be found only in alluvial deposits in southern India.
Diamond production of primary deposits kimberlites and lamproites only started in the s after the discovery of the diamond fields in South Africa. Production has increased over time and now an accumulated total of 4. Most of these mines are located in Canada, Zimbabwe, Angola, and one in Russia.
Today, most commercially viable diamond deposits are in Russia , Botswana , Australia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Australia has the richest diamantiferous pipe with production reaching peak levels of 42 metric tons 41 long tons; 46 short tons per year in the s. Carbon is essential to all known living systems, and without it life as we know it could not exist see alternative biochemistry.
The major economic use of carbon other than food and wood is in the form of hydrocarbons, most notably the fossil fuel methane gas and crude oil petroleum. Crude oil is distilled in refineries by the petrochemical industry to produce gasoline , kerosene , and other products. Cellulose is a natural, carbon-containing polymer produced by plants in the form of wood , cotton , linen , and hemp.
Cellulose is used primarily for maintaining structure in plants. Commercially valuable carbon polymers of animal origin include wool , cashmere and silk.
Plastics are made from synthetic carbon polymers, often with oxygen and nitrogen atoms included at regular intervals in the main polymer chain. The raw materials for many of these synthetic substances come from crude oil. The uses of carbon and its compounds are extremely varied. It can form alloys with iron , of which the most common is carbon steel. Graphite is combined with clays to form the 'lead' used in pencils used for writing and drawing.
It is also used as a lubricant and a pigment , as a molding material in glass manufacture, in electrodes for dry batteries and in electroplating and electroforming , in brushes for electric motors and as a neutron moderator in nuclear reactors. Charcoal is used as a drawing material in artwork , barbecue grilling , iron smelting , and in many other applications. Wood, coal and oil are used as fuel for production of energy and heating.
Gem quality diamond is used in jewelry, and industrial diamonds are used in drilling, cutting and polishing tools for machining metals and stone. Plastics are made from fossil hydrocarbons, and carbon fiber , made by pyrolysis of synthetic polyester fibers is used to reinforce plastics to form advanced, lightweight composite materials.
Carbon fiber is made by pyrolysis of extruded and stretched filaments of polyacrylonitrile PAN and other organic substances. The crystallographic structure and mechanical properties of the fiber depend on the type of starting material, and on the subsequent processing. Carbon fibers made from PAN have structure resembling narrow filaments of graphite, but thermal processing may re-order the structure into a continuous rolled sheet.
The result is fibers with higher specific tensile strength than steel. Carbon black is used as the black pigment in printing ink , artist's oil paint and water colours, carbon paper , automotive finishes, India ink and laser printer toner. Carbon black is also used as a filler in rubber products such as tyres and in plastic compounds.
Activated charcoal is used as an absorbent and adsorbent in filter material in applications as diverse as gas masks , water purification , and kitchen extractor hoods , and in medicine to absorb toxins, poisons, or gases from the digestive system. Carbon is used in chemical reduction at high temperatures. Coke is used to reduce iron ore into iron smelting. Case hardening of steel is achieved by heating finished steel components in carbon powder.
Carbides of silicon , tungsten , boron and titanium , are among the hardest known materials, and are used as abrasives in cutting and grinding tools. Carbon compounds make up most of the materials used in clothing, such as natural and synthetic textiles and leather , and almost all of the interior surfaces in the built environment other than glass, stone and metal.
The diamond industry falls into two categories: While a large trade in both types of diamonds exists, the two markets act in dramatically different ways. Unlike precious metals such as gold or platinum , gem diamonds do not trade as a commodity: Industrial diamonds are valued mostly for their hardness and heat conductivity, with the gemological qualities of clarity and color being mostly irrelevant.
The dominant industrial use of diamond is in cutting, drilling, grinding, and polishing. Most of these applications do not require large diamonds; in fact, most diamonds of gem-quality except for their small size can be used industrially. Diamonds are embedded in drill tips or saw blades, or ground into a powder for use in grinding and polishing applications.
Garnering much excitement is the possible use of diamond as a semiconductor suitable for microchips , and because of its exceptional heat conductance property, as a heat sink in electronics. Pure carbon has extremely low toxicity to humans and can be handled and even ingested safely in the form of graphite or charcoal. Consequently, once it enters into the body's tissues it is likely to remain there indefinitely.
Diamond dust used as an abrasive can be harmful if ingested or inhaled. Microparticles of carbon are produced in diesel engine exhaust fumes, and may accumulate in the lungs. Carbon generally has low toxicity to life on Earth ; but carbon nanoparticles are deadly to Drosophila.
Willie Nelson Introducing Non-THC Willie’s Remedy Cannabis Line
What if you could find a hemp oil that was specially made for the sensitive skin on your face? There's no need to keep looking - we have you. Here you will find everything related to CBD oil and natural hemp skincare. Read more» · Introducing Hemp Antioxidant Facial Serum To Revive Your Skin. Milled has emails from Diamond Cbd Us, including new arrivals, sales, discounts, and coupon codes.