To extract CBD-rich cannabis oil, one must start with CBD-rich plant material. There are many ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant, each has its pros and . Concentrated cannabis oil extracts are becoming increasingly popular among self-medicating patients as a claimed cure for many illnesses. Each oil extraction . To isolate the individual compounds (CBD being one of them), the extracted oil needs to be distilled after extraction. The first step is a process called.
oil extraction cbd
Using ethanol as a solvent is more efficient than CO 2 extraction, but comes with some downsides. Ethanol is a polar solvent which means it will mix with water and dissolve water-soluble molecules. Chlorophyll is one of the compounds that ethanol will co-extract along with the cannabinoid filled oil. The result is a dark colored oil with a bitter and grassy flavor. The chlorophyll can be removed from the oil using a filtering method, but the process also removes some of the cannabinoids resulting in a lower quality CBD oil product.
This early extraction method was created using a light hydrocarbon solvent like to extract cannabis oil. These hydrocarbons have a low boiling point and can be easily used to extract CBD oil.
This cheap and easy method of extraction comes with a variety of issues that make it non-ideal. The resulting oil usually contains a lower concentration of terpenes and cannabinoids like CBD and a higher concentration of THC. This extraction method proved to be both dangerous an inefficient. This method of extraction is rarely used by commercial CBD companies today. One of the lesser used extraction methods is called lipid extraction. Often organic coconut oil is ued in this extraction process.
Lipid extraction does not require the use of any harsh solvents or CO2. After a CBD extract is created, there are some additional steps that are performed to get the product ready for consumption. The naturally occurring cannabinoids found on the cannabis plant come in an acid form. For example, the following common acid forms of cannabinoids found in CBD products are:. When a low temperature method like supercritical CO2 extraction is used, the original acid forms of the cannabinoids is preserved.
In order to activate these cannabinoids and removed the acid molecule, the CBD extract undergoes a process called decarboxylation. Though this process sounds fancy, it is simply the heating of an extract. The result is the extract becomes what the industry refers to as 'activated'.
These molecules interact with the body differently than the 'activated' or non-acid forms of these same substances. Limited research and anecdotal user experiences point to these raw cannabinoid forms providing some unique health benefits. This is driving some companies to include the acid forms of these cannabinoids in addition to the activated non-acid forms.
When an extract is created from cannabis, there are a wide range of fatty acids, plant materials, chlorophyll, cannabinoids, and terpenoids contained in the extract. There is an optional process called winterization which works to further purify the extract.
The process of winterizing consists of soaking the CBD extract in alcohol and freezing it in order to separate the waxes, lipids, and residual solvents. The end result is a more concentrated extract in terms of cannabinoids. This process is not always desired because through this process some of the terpenes are also removed from the extract. This can have a negative outcome on the entourage effect.
Now that you understand CBD extraction, its time to take things a step further. Today you'll commonly find single-molecule CBD isolates. All other cannabinoids, terpenes, plant materials, oil, and chlorophyll is removed in the creation of this powder. All that is left is naturally sourced CBD crystals that carry no odor or flavor.
This isolate is made by first extracting oil using one of the methods we discussed above. Next, chemists use a process known as chromatography to remove plant materials and other cannabinoids.
This isolate is often desired because it can be dissolved in liquid, added to food products, tinctures and more. The isolate is also beneficial because it is clearly defined as legal under the Drug Code for Marijuana Extract. While most CBD leaders would focus their products on human consumption, Petabis would like to do otherwise and create products that could benefit animals like cats and dogs.
Even if their products are mostly for animals, Petabis ensures that the CBD they produce is of top-quality through their patented water vapor extraction process. NCM Biotech centers its functions on creating medicine using naturopathic treatments, which include the production of high-quality CBD products.
To further its endeavors, the company has entered into a deal with Greenbelt Resources Corp. Greenbelt Resources is a biotech company that focuses on producing bioethanol and other bioproducts from food waste through its proprietary ECOsystem. Its propriety technique has produced high-quality bioethanol that has apparently met the standards of NCM Biotech for use in its CBD extraction process.
POTN , Diamond CBD is able to provide its huge customer-base with the finest extracts of the miracle compound through their meticulous process called supercritical CO2 extraction. Through this technique, the naturally occurring beneficial molecules of the hemp plant are retained.
This method of extraction not only provides Diamond CBD with the purest extracts of the compound, it also produces clean and quality oils that do not need any post-processing methods. Each batch of the extracts undergoes lab testing to ensure the purity and consistency of the products. These three industry leaders are meeting the heavy demand for CBD using sustainable and efficient processes. For now, these extraction methods are already top-notch and time-tested.
However, as these companies gain more support, we can expect their techniques to further develop.
How to Extract CBD – The CBD extraction process
Several common forms of cannabis extraction rely on a solvent, such as To really make shatter, which is a hard version of butane hash oil. CO2 extraction is gaining popularity for extracting quality CBD oil, but that is only one extraction method. Here you'll find everything you need to know about. How to Extract CBD From the Hemp Plant. Twitter Facebook Google+ Share. How to Extract CBD From the Hemp Plant. What to know about the hemp plant.