Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin. Do you know the causes of type 2 diabetes? WebMD helps you know if you are at high risk for this common type of diabetes. Overview. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose) — an important source of fuel for.
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Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Instead of converting sugar into energy, it backs up in the bloodstream and causes a variety of symptoms. This form of diabetes usually occurs in people who are over 40 years of age, overweight, and have a family history of diabetes, although today it is increasingly found in younger people.
Type 2 diabetes can be caused by a variety of factors: In addition, those who have been previously identified as having impaired fasting glucose IFG or impaired glucose tolerance IGT are also at risk. In some cases of type 2 diabetes, there are no symptoms. In this case, people can live for months, even years, without knowing they have the disease. This form of diabetes comes on so gradually that symptoms may not even be recognized.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and physical inactivity. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes also increases as people grow older. People who are over 40 and overweight are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, although the incidence of this type of diabetes in adolescents is growing. Also, people who develop diabetes while pregnant a condition called gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Currently, there is no cure for type 2 diabetes. There has been speculation about the role of gastric bypass surgery in "curing" type 2, however, a causal link has not been established between the surgery and the cure of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is often treated with oral medication because many people with this type of diabetes make some insulin on their own. The pills people take to control type 2 diabetes do not contain insulin. Instead, medications such as metformin, sulfonylureas, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors and many others are used to make the insulin that the body still produces more effective.
Common Questions About Type 2 Diabetes
You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are not physically active and are overweight or obese. Extra weight sometimes causes insulin resistance. Read about type 2 diabetes, a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. ANDREA CHAREST & KARINA METCALFPrevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes depends on correctly determining the cause of.