Biotech CBD Cream MG Review – Final Verdict. As you can see, this is something that you can most definitely take into consideration. Meds Biotech CBD Capsules mg Review – Final Verdict. All in all, Meds Biotech CBD Capsules mg does seem like a product which is. Our Verdict: The Biotech Cream by Diamond CBD combines the natural In this review I will show you what are some of the best features of the The mg option is also the most expensive one almost twice as expensive as the mg one. It is a Final Thoughts On The Diamond CBD Biotech Cream.
CBD Cream – Review Final Verdict Biotech 500MG
Even though there are no known side effects and allergic reactions, CBD can interact with some modern drugs and worsen their performance resulting in a failed treatment. The goal here is to help you deal with a condition by aiding the traditional therapy or just by allowing your body to try a new way of handling the issue. Either way, whether this is the right choice or not is entirely up to you to decide, and I hope that by the end of this review this decision is clear.
Its ingredients form a special blend which is ideal for people struggling with:. The potency of this cream is thanks to what is inside of it. The pure CBD isolate here is topped off with some of the best supplements that can help your body deal with all sorts of issues.
Some of the additional compounds in the Biotech cream are:. This is a very unique herbal blend that is patented and well-tested. More and more people who work on desk jobs are looking elsewhere for a solution to their back pain.
Apart from regular stretching and moving, CBD has great anti-inflammatory properties which help alleviate some of the problems going on beneath your skin around the spine. The added menthol will further provide a soothing feeling which will promote adequate blood circulation in the area where you apply the cream. The extra blood flow will help with proper healing and will decrease pain-related symptoms. Other ingredients that will help directly with the pain are the camphor and tree oils.
There are three options you can choose from:. All these come in a 4oz jar. Start with smaller CBD concentrations and build your way up until a level where you a comfortable. The mg option is also the most expensive one almost twice as expensive as the mg one. It is a good deal but still a lot of money to give on a single product. Sometimes they do promotions where every order is shipped for free so you might want to subscribe to their newsletter.
Diamond CBD keeps a no-question policy as long as you return the remaining product. They even handle the return taxes for you which really goes to show that this is a company that cares about its reputation and caters to its customers the best way possible.
Applying this cream to your body is as easy as applying any other cream. There are no possible side effects associated with the usage of the product according to the manufacturer. This is definitely a strong point for you to be aware of. As you can see, this is something that you can most definitely take into consideration. This is a MG bottle, and it is particularly affordable for the quality that it provides — this is something that you should account for. It is going to last you for quite some time.
With this said, it is also important to understand that there are quite a few things that you should keep in mind about the CBD itself. It is safe, and there are no side effects. The product is legal in all 50 states of the country, and it is well-known for its powerful medicinal properties. For more details, please go Official WebSite.
To maintain the genuineness of our brand, we ensure all customer reviews submitted to us are verified and confirmed before publishing. For a thorough verification of submitted reviews, we spend close to 7 working days before allowing any customer review to be published since we also work on the earliest submissions first.
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CBD containing samples showed decrease in mind and body high as well as increased ability to function. Each sample comparison pair was blended to produce similar terpene profiles so as to compare the effects of increased terpene oil contents. Higher values indicate increased ratings for a category, while lower values indicate decreased ratings for a category.
Samples containing higher oil showed increase in aroma and flavor and overall positive ratings. Each sample was blended to produce similar cannabinoid profiles so as to compare the effects of different terpene profiles.
Control Sample g representative of traditional myrcene dominant terpene profiles. Values are presented as ratings for each test sample minus control sample. Samples containing lower relative myrcene contents showed increased positive ratings. Diverse and desirable terpene profiles demonstrated improved scores for recreational and medical uses. Terpinolene dominant terpene profiles showed increased scores for alertness and reduced anxiety.
Ocimene terpene profiles showed increased mood scores. Each sample comparison pair was blended to produce similar terpene profiles so as to compare the effects of added THCV. Higher values indicated increased ratings for a category, while lower values indicate decreased ratings for a category.
THCV containing samples showed decrease in mind and body high as well as increased ability to function. A computing apparatus integrates data from patient management system and plant growth environment management system to produce specialty cannabis tailored for various medicinal or recreational purposes. Actuators allow for computer responses to adjust environmental conditions. Vaporizer may include dosage selection switches allowing the user to switch between, or combine various vaporizable substrates.
Each sample is placed with its own heating element so as to be able to switch between, or combine various vaporizing substrates. All publications, patents and patent applications, including any drawings and appendices, are herein incorporated by reference to the same extent as if each individual publication or patent application was specifically and individually indicated to be incorporated by reference.
The following description includes information that may be useful in understanding the present invention. It is not an admission that any of the information provided herein is prior art or relevant to the presently claimed inventions, or that any publication specifically or implicitly referenced is prior art.
The invention provides cannabis plants. Such as cannabis plants produced via asexual reproduction and via seed production. The invention provides plant parts. Plant part may also include certain extracts such as kief or hash which includes cannabis trichomes or glands. The development of a landrace may also involve some selection by humans but it differs from a formal breed which has been selectively bred deliberately to conform to a particular formal, purebred standard of traits. The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature defines rank, in the nomenclatural sense, as the level, for nomenclatural purposes, of a taxon in a taxonomic hierarchy e.
While somewhat arbitrary, there are seven main ranks defined by the international nomenclature codes: The invention provides plant cultivars. The terms cultivar, variety, strain and race are often used interchangeably by plant breeders, agronomists and farmers.
The term secondary metabolites as used herein refers to organic compounds that are not directly involved in the normal growth, development, or reproduction of an organism.
In other words, loss of secondary metabolites does not result in immediate death of said organism. The term single allele converted plant as used herein refers to those plants which are developed by a plant breeding technique called backcrossing wherein essentially all of the desired morphological and physiological characteristics of an inbred are recovered in addition to the single allele transferred into the inbred via the backcrossing technique.
The invention provides samples. The invention provides offspring. For instance an offspring plant may be obtained by cloning or selfing of a parent plant or by crossing two parent plants and include selfings as well as the F1 or F2 or still further generations. An F1 is a first-generation offspring produced from parents at least one of which is used for the first time as donor of a trait, while offspring of second generation F2 or subsequent generations F3, F4, etc.
An F1 may thus be and usually is a hybrid resulting from a cross between two true breeding parents true-breeding is homozygous for a trait , while an F2 may be and usually is an offspring resulting from self-pollination of said F1 hybrids. The invention provides methods for crossing a first plant with a second plant. Backcrossing is a process in which a breeder repeatedly crosses hybrid progeny, for example a first generation hybrid F1 , back to one of the parents of the hybrid progeny.
Backcrossing can be used to introduce one or more single locus conversions from one genetic background into another. The invention provides donor plants and recipient plants. In some embodiments, the present invention provides methods for obtaining plant genotypes comprising recombinant genes. In some embodiments, the present invention provides homozygotes. In some embodiments, the present invention provides homozygous plants. In some embodiments, the present invention provides hemizygotes. In some embodiments, the present invention provides heterozygotes.
In some embodiments, the cell or organism is heterozygous for the gene of interest which is under control of the synthetic regulatory element. The invention provides methods for obtaining plant lines comprising recombinant genes.
The invention provides open-pollinated populations. A hybrid, which has no barriers to cross-pollination, is an open-pollinated population or an open-pollinated variety. The invention provides self-pollination populations. The invention provides ovules and pollens of plants. The invention provides plant tissue. Examples of plant organs include, but are not limited to the leaf, stem, root, tuber, seed, branch, pubescence, nodule, leaf axil, flower, pollen, stamen, pistil, petal, peduncle, stalk, stigma, style, bract, fruit, trunk, carpel, sepal, anther, ovule, pedicel, needle, cone, rhizome, stolon, shoot, pericarp, endosperm, placenta, berry, stamen, and leaf sheath.
The invention provides methods for obtaining plants comprising recombinant genes through transformation.
The invention provides transformants comprising recombinant genes. In some embodiments, the present invention provides plant varieties comprising the recombinant genes. In some embodiments, the present invention provides organisms with recombinant genes. Organisms of the present invention include, for example, plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and viruses, and cells and parts thereof.
As used herein, the term couch lock is defined as a heavy body high which reduces the ability of users to function, and is associated with lethargy and lack of motivation. In some embodiments, the present invention teaches the use of cannabis sludges. As used herein, cannabis sludges are solvent-free cannabis extracts made via multigas extraction including the refrigerant A, butane, iso-butane and propane in a ratio that delivers a very complete and balanced extraction of cannabinoids and essential oils.
Cannabis has long been used for drug and industrial purposes. Industrial hemp products are made from Cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber. Some Cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of THC, the principal psychoactive constituent responsible for the psychoactivity associated with marijuana.
Marijuana has historically consisted of the dried flowers of Cannabis plants selectively bred to produce high levels of THC and other psychoactive cannabinoids.
Various extracts including hashish and hash oil are also produced from the plant. All known strains of Cannabis are wind-pollinated and the fruit is an achene. Most strains of Cannabis are short day plants, with the possible exception of C. The genus Cannabis was formerly placed in the Nettle Urticaceae or Mulberry Moraceae family, and later, along with the Humulus genus hops , in a separate family, the Hemp family Cannabaceae sensu stricto.
Recent phylogenetic studies based on cpDNA restriction site analysis and gene sequencing strongly suggest that the Cannabaceae sensu stricto arose from within the former Celtidaceae family, and that the two families should be merged to form a single monophyletic family, the Cannabaceae sensu lato.
Cannabis plants produce a unique family of terpeno-phenolic compounds called cannabinoids. Cannabinoids, terpenoids, and other compounds are secreted by glandular trichomes that occur most abundantly on the floral calyxes and bracts of female plants. As a drug it usually comes in the form of dried flower buds marijuana , resin hashish , or various extracts collectively known as hashish oil.
There are at least identifiable chemical constituents known to exist in the cannabis plant Rudolf Brenneisen, , Chemistry and Analysis of Phytocannabinoids cannabinoids produced by cannabis and other Cannabis Constituents, In Marijuana and the Cannabinoids, ElSohly, ed. Marijuana and the Cannabinoids, Humana Press Inc. Cannabinoids are the most studied group of secondary metabolites in cannabis.
Most exist in two forms, as acids and in neutral decarboxylated forms. The phytocannabinoids are synthesized in the plant as acid forms, and while some decarboxylation does occur in the plant, it increases significantly post-harvest and the kinetics increase at high temperatures. Sanchez and Verpoorte The biologically active forms for human consumption are the neutral forms.
Decarboxylation is usually achieved by thorough drying of the plant material followed by heating it, often by either combustion, vaporization, or heating or baking in an oven. Unless otherwise noted, references to cannabinoids in a plant include both the acidic and decarboxylated versions e.
See Holley et al. Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XI Cannabidiol and cannabichromene in samples of known geographical origin, J. Cannabinoids with a propyl side chain in Cannabis , Occurrence and chromatographic behavior, Science In one embodiment, the present invention provides specialty cannabis plants, which are distinct from the traditional recreational marijuana plants.
CBs ratio of 1: As a result of the present invention, select cannabis varieties can be used as a physician-recommended form of medicine or herbal therapy without causing any side effects, or with reduced general or specific side effects when compared to traditional recreational marijuana plants. Methods for administration of medical cannabis include, but are not limited, to vapor inhalation, smoking e.
Cannabinoids are a class of diverse chemical compounds that activate cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoids produced by plants are called phytocannabinoids, a. At least 85 different cannabinoids have been isolated from the cannabis plants El-Alfy et al. In the Cannabis plant, cannabinoids are synthesized and accumulated as cannabinoid acids e. When the herbal product is dried, stored, or heated, the acids decarboxylize gradually or completely into neutral forms e.
THC has mild to moderate analgesic effects, and cannabis can be used to treat pain by altering transmitter release on dorsal root ganglion of the spinal cord and in the periaqueductal gray. Other effects include relaxation, alteration of visual, auditory, and olfactory senses, fatigue, and appetite stimulation.
THC has marked antiemetic properties, and may also reduce aggression in certain subjects Hoaken International Journal of Obesity The psychoactive effects of THC are primarily mediated by its activation of CB1G-protein coupled receptors, which result in a decrease in the concentration of the second messenger molecule cAMP through inhibition of adenylate cyclase Elphick et al.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences It is also suggested that THC has an anticholinesterase action which may implicate it as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's and Myasthenia Eubanks et al.
Molecular Pharmaceutics 3 6: Geranyl pyrophosphate and olivetolic acid react, catalyzed by an enzyme to produce cannabigerolic acid, which is cyclized by the enzyme THC acid synthase to give THCA. The pathway for THCA biosynthesis is similar to that which produces the bitter acid humulone in hops. See Fellermeier et al. FEBS Letters 2: Non-limiting examples of THC variants include:. CBD is a cannabinoid found in cannabis.
It may decrease the rate of THC clearance from the body, perhaps by interfering with the metabolism of THC in the liver. Medically, it has been shown to relieve convulsion, inflammation, anxiety, and nausea, as well as inhibit cancer cell growth Mechoulam, et al. Recent studies have shown cannabidiol to be as effective as atypical antipsychotics in treating schizophrenia Zuardi et al. The International journal of neuroscience 30 4: CBD reduces growth of aggressive human breast cancer cells in vitro and reduces their invasiveness McAllister et al.
Cannabidiol has shown to decrease activity of the limbic system de Souza Crippa et al. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 93 2: It's also shown that Cannabidiol reduces anxiety in social anxiety disorder Bergamaschi et al. Cannabidiol has also been shown as being effective in treating an often drug-induced set of neurological movement disorders known as dystonia Snider et al. Neurology , Suppl 1: British Journal of Psychiatry 4: Cannabidiol acts as an indirect antagonist of cannabinoid agonists.
Cannabidiol has also been shown to act as a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, an action which is involved in its antidepressant, anxiolytic, and neuroprotective effects.
Cannabidiol is also an allosteric modulator at the Mu and Delta opioid receptor sites. See Marks et al. Journal of Experimental Botany 60 Non-limiting examples of CBD variants include:. CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in the Cannabis genus of plants. Cannabigerol is found in higher concentrations in hemp rather than in varieties of Cannabis cultivated for high THC content and their corresponding psychoactive properties. It also binds to the CB 2 receptor. Cannabigerol has been shown to relieve intraocular pressure, which may be of benefit in the treatment of glaucoma Craig et al.
Cannabigerol has also been shown to reduce depression in animal models U. Non-limiting examples of CBG variants include:. It is also a metabolite of tetrahydrocannabinol THC. Non-limiting examples of CBN variants include. CBC bears structural similarity to the other natural cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol, tetrahydrocannabivarin, cannabidiol, and cannabinol, among others.
Evidence has suggested that it may play a role in the anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects of cannabis , and may contribute to the overall analgesic effects of cannabis. Non-limiting examples of CBC variants include:. Cannabivarin, also known as cannabivarol or CBV, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in minor amounts in the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. CBDV is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in Cannabis. It is a homolog of cannabidiol CBD , with the side-chain shortened by two methylene bridges CH2 units.
Cannabidivarin has been found reduce the number and severity of seizures in animal models U. This terpeno-phenolic compound is found naturally in Cannabis , sometimes in significant amounts. Plants with elevated levels of propyl cannabinoids including THCV have been found in populations of Cannabis sativa L. Tetrahydrocannabinol has been shown to increase metabolism, help weight loss and lower cholesterol in animal models U.
Cannabicyclol CBL is a non-psychotomimetic cannabinoid found in the Cannabis species. CBL is a degradative product like cannabinol. Light converts cannabichromene to CBL. Non-limiting examples of CBL variants include:.
Biosynthetic pathway of cannabinoids has been studied. See Meijer et al. Additional information on the genetic regulation of cannabinoids can be found in Meijer et al. More details of cannabinoids synthesis and the properties and uses of these cannabinoids are described in Russo , Taming THC: Impact of cannabidiol on the acute memory and psychotomimetic effects of smoked cannabis: Psiquiatr, , 34 S1: Please see Table 1 for a non-limiting list of medical uses for cannabinoids.
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants. They are often strong smelling and thus may have had a protective function.
Terpenes are derived biosynthetically from units of isoprene, which has the molecular formula C 5 H 8. The basic molecular formulae of terpenes are multiples of that, C 5 H 8 n where n is the number of linked isoprene units.
Non-limiting examples of terpenes include Hemiterpenes, Monoterpenes, Sesquiterpenes, Diterpenes, Sesterterpenes, Triterpenes, Sesquarterpenes, Tetraterpenes, Polyterpenes, and Norisoprenoids. Most are multicyclic structures that differ from one another not only in functional groups but also in their basic carbon skeletons.
Plant terpenoids are used extensively for their aromatic qualities. They play a role in traditional herbal remedies and are under investigation for antibacterial, antineoplastic, and other pharmaceutical functions.
The terpene Linalool for example, has been found to have anti-convulsant properties Elisabetsky et al. Well-known terpenoids include citral, menthol, camphor, salvinorin A in the plant Salvia divinorum , and the cannabinoids found in Cannabis.
Non-limiting examples of terpenoids include, Hemiterpenoids, 1 isoprene unit 5 carbons ; Monoterpenoids, 2 isoprene units 10C ; Sesquiterpenoids, 3 isoprene units 15C ; Diterpenoids, 4 isoprene units 20C e. Terpenoids are mainly synthesized in two metabolic pathways: Geranyl pyrophosphate GPP can also be converted into monoterpenoids by limonene synthase.
In addition to cannabinoids, cannabis also produces over different terpenes Russo , Taming THC: Cannabinoids are odorless, so terpenoids are responsible for the unique odor of cannabis , and each variety has a slightly different profile that can potentially be used as a tool for identification of different varieties or geographical origins of samples Hillig It also provides a unique and complex organoleptic profile for each variety that is appreciated by both novice users and connoisseurs.
In addition to many circulatory and muscular effects, some terpenes interact with neurological receptors. A few terpenes produced by cannabis plants also bind weakly to Cannabinoid receptors. Some terpenes can alter the permeability of cell membranes and allow in either more or less THC, while other terpenes can affect serotonin and dopamine chemistry as neurotransmitters.
Terpenoids are lipophilic, and can interact with lipid membranes, ion channels, a variety of different receptors including both G-protein coupled odorant and neurotransmitter receptors , and enzymes. Some are capable of absorption through human skin and passing the blood brain barrier. Generally speaking, terpenes are considered to be pharmacologically relevant when present in concentrations of at least 0. Thus, although there are an estimated different terpenes, only a few are produced at high enough levels to be detectable, and fewer still which are able to reach pharmacologically relevant levels.
For the purposes of this application, cannabis terpene profile will be defined as the absolute and relative values of 17 of the most expressed terpenes: A survey of the terpene profiles of several cannabis varieties has found that these terpenes express at high enough levels so as to have their own pharmacological effects and also to act in synergy with cannabinoids.
Both experts and consumers believe that there are biochemical and phenomenological differences between different varieties of cannabis , which are attributed to their unique relative cannabinoid and terpenoid ratios.
This is known as the entourage effect and is generally considered to result in plants providing advantages over only using the natural products that are isolated from them Russo , Taming THC: Greater Than the Sum of Their Parts?
Monoterpenoids are especially volatile, thus decreasing their yield relative to sesquiterpenoids Russo , Taming THC: D-Limonene is a monoterpenoid that is widely distributed in nature and often associated with citrus. It has strong anxiolytic properties in both mice and humans, apparently increasing serotonin and dopamine in mouse brain. D-limonene has potent anti-depressant activity when inhaled. It is also under investigation for a variety of different cancer treatments, with some focus on its hepatic metabolite, perillic acid.
There is evidence for activity in the treatment of dermatophytes and gastro-oesophageal reflux, as well as having general radical scavenging properties Russo , Taming THC: It is often associated with a sweet fruit like taste. It reduces inflammation, aids sleep, and blocks hepatic carcinogenesis, as well as acting as an analgesic and muscle relaxant in mice. D-Linalool is a monoterpenoid with very well-known anxiolytic effects.
It is often associated with lavender, and frequented used in aromatherapy for its sedative impact. It acts as a local anaesthetic and helps to prevent scarring from burns, is anti-nociceptive in mice, and shows antiglutamatergic and anticonvulsant activity.
It is less volatile than the monoterpenoids, thus it is found in higher concentrations in material that has been processed by heat to aid in decarboxylation. It is very interesting in that it is a selective full agonist at the CB 2 receptor, which makes it the only phytocannabinoid found outside the cannabis genus. In addition, it has anti-inflammatory and gastric cytoprotective properties, and may even have anti-malarial activity.
Caryophyllene oxide is another sesquiterpenoid found in cannabis , which has antifungal and anti-platelet aggregation properties. As an aside, it is also the molecule that drug-sniffing dogs are trained to find Russo , Taming THC: Nerolidol is a sesquiterpene that is often found in citrus peels that exhibits a range of interesting properties.
It acts as a sedative, inhibits fungal growth, and has potent anti-malarial and antileishmanial activity. Phytol is a diterpene often found in cannabis extracts. It is a degradation product of chlorophyll and tocopherol. It increases GABA expression and therefore could be responsible the relaxing effects of green tea and wild lettuce. It also prevents vitamin-A induced teratogenesis by blocking the conversion of retinol to its dangerous metabolite, all-trans-retinoic acid Russo , Taming THC: Some of the most commonly found terpenoids in cannabis are summarized in Table 2, with their individual organoleptic properties as well as their basic pharmacology.
Cannabis is an annual, dioecious, flowering herb. The leaves are palmately compound or digitate, with serrate leaflets. It is not unusual, however, for individual plants to separately bear both male and female flowers i.
The life cycle of cannabis varies with each variety but can be generally summarized into germination, vegetative growth, and reproductive stages. Because of heavy breeding and selection by humans, most cannabis seeds have lost dormancy mechanisms and do not require any pre-treatments or winterization to induce germination See Clarke, R C et al.
Seeds placed in viable growth conditions are expected to germinate in about 3 to 7 days. The first true leaves of a cannabis plant contain a single leaflet, with subsequent leaves developing in opposite formation, with increasing number of leafletts. Leaflets can be narrow or broad depending on the morphology of the plant grown.
Cannabis plants are normally allowed to grow vegetatively for the first 4 to 8 weeks. During this period, the plant responds to increasing light with faster and faster growth. Under ideal conditions, cannabis plants can grow up to 2. Indoor growth pruning techniques tend to limit cannabis size through careful pruning of apical or side shoots. Although, some cannabis varieties will flower without the need for external stimuli, most varieties have an absolute requirement for inductive photoperiods in the form of short days or long nights to induce fertile flowering.
The first sign of flowering in cannabis is the appearance of undifferentiated flower primordial along the main stem of the nodes. At this stage, the sex of the plants are still not distinguishable. As the flower primordia continue to develop, female pistillate , and male staminate flowers can be distinguished. For most cannabinoid producing purposes, only female plants are desired. The presence of male flowers is considered undesirable as pollination is known to reduce the cannabinoid yield, and potentially ruin a crop.
In this way, only female plants are produced and no space is wasted on male plants. In breeding new varieties of cannabis , there are many phenotypic and morphological characteristics one must consider. For example, plants should produce high amounts of cannabinoids. Cannabinoid levels can be measured via chemical analysis of mature plants, but can also be estimated in the field by the number and size of the trichomes produced by a plant's flower clusters.
The absolute cannabinoid and terpene contents are calculated based on weight of cannabinoid or terpene present in a sample divided by the dried weight of the dried trimmed inflorescence. The terp trimmed inflorescence as used herein refers to inflorescences with sun leaves cut off such that only the calyx and reproductive buds remain. Frosty leaves are left on the inflorescence. Trimming can be performed manually, through careful manicuring of harvested tissue, or via automated mechanical methods.
Another important aspect of cannabis breeding is the terpene profile of a plant. In some embodiments, the present invention teaches the preference for cannabis plant material with diverse terpene profiles which are not dominated by myrcene.
In other embodiments, the present invention teaches cannabis plants with high terpene essential oil contents. For the purposes of this application, a cannabis plant's terpene profile is defined in absolute or relative contents of 17 key terpenes including: A myrcene dominant terpene is used to refer to terpene profiles in which myrcene is the most abundant terpene in the terpene profile i.
Terpene essential oil contents are measured by adding the absolute contents by weight of the 17 terpenes from the terpene profile as defined above. The present invention is based in part on the discovery that consumers prefer specialty cannabis varieties with diverse terpene profiles not dominated by myrcene and with high terpene essential oil contents.
In some embodiments, the specialty cannabis of the present invention has greater than 0. Thus in some embodiments the essential oil content of the specialty cannabis varieties of the present invention is between about 0.
In other embodiments the essential oil contents of the specialty cannabis varieties of the present invention is between about 1.
Thus in some embodiments the absolute content of any one of the terpenes is between about 0. In some embodiments, the specialty cannabis of the present invention has a myrcene absolute content of less than 0. Thus in some embodiments the absolute content of any one of myrcene is between about 0. Thus for example a specialty cannabis with 1. Another important breeding phenotype is flower color. The accumulation of anthocyanins, carotenoids, or other color-producing compounds in leaves and flowers of cannabis can have an effect on consumer visual appeal and flavor.
Color selections can also be based on but not limited to unique coloration of stem, leaf, inflorescence, calyx, stamen, trichome bodies and finished products including extracts and hash. Yield is another important factor in breeding. Yield can be expressed in terms of yield per plant, yield per watt of light, and yield per squared meter of growing area among others.
Cannabis yield is also dependent on the growing environment. For example yields for a particular cannabis strain will vary between outdoor growth long season, outdoor growth short season, or indoor growth. Yield may also be affected by growing conditions such as type of lighting, soil, fertilizer use, size of growing pot, etc. In some embodiments, the specialty cannabis of the present invention produces, 0. In some embodiments, the specialty cannabis of the present invention produces 10 g, 15 g, 20 g, 25 g, 30 g, 35 g, 40 g, 45 g, 50 g, 55 g, 60 g, 65 g, 70 g, 75 g, 80 g, 85 g, 90 g, 95 g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, g, or g of dried flowers per plant.
High Yield Indoor Production—Selection based solely on plant yield performance in artificial lighting e. Another important phenotype that is important for cannabis production is structural features for easy harvesting.
This usually is directly related to dense trichome morphology with very few sun leaves. Structure for Automated Trimming—Selection based on flower morphology that is more kola continuous long bud with many sun leaves protruding from large inflorescences.
Overall flower size is typically large, but trichomes are less densely packed and overall inflorescence is less dense than what is traditionally selected for manual trim. Root Structure—Positive root selection is marked by overall root vigor and adventitious root growth, ease of transplant, rate of root development on clonal propagations, and root shooting from tissue culture samples.
Root selections can also be based on resistance to soil and hydroponic pathogens including pythium. Often times, selection display morphologies that are very much enlarged compared to sibling progeny.
Fungal Resistance—Selections based on plant that exhibit immunity or partial immunity to fungal diseases and pathogens including but not limited to powdery mildew, botrytis , downy mildew among others. For a non-limiting list of cannabinoid phenotypes, please see Marijuana Botany, An Advanced study: Variants, mutants and trivial modifications of the seeds, plants, plant parts, plant cells of the present invention can be generated by methods well known and available to one skilled in the art, including but not limited to, mutagenesis e.
For more information of mutagenesis in plants, such as agents, protocols, see Acquaah et al.
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